What is a CMS?
A Content Management System (CMS) is a computer application (or web application) that allows publishing, editing and modifying content, organizing, deleting as well as maintenance from a central interface. Such systems of content management provide procedures to manage workflow in a collaborative environment. These procedures can be manual steps or an automated cascade. CMSs have been available since the late 1990s.
CMSs are often used to manage the content of a Web site, from providing simple tools to create the content, through to publishing, and finally to archiving. It also provides the ability to manage the structure of the site, the appearance of the published pages, and the navigation provided to the users.
The features of a CMS system vary, but most include Web-based publishing, format management, revision control, and indexing, search, and retrieval. A CMS are therefore called Web Management Systems (WMS).
Not only do content a CMS help website users with content editing, they also take care of a lot of “behind the scenes” work such as:
– Automatically generate navigation elements
– Making content searchable and indexable
– Keeping track of users, their permissions and security settings
And much, much more.
Many company, corporate and marketing websites use CMSs.
A content management system (CMS) is critical to the success of almost every website and intranet, and yet many organisations are not familiar with this technology.
Typically, a CMS consists of two elements: the content management application (CMA) and the content delivery application (CDA). The CMA element allows the content manager or author, who may not know Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), to manage the creation, modification, and removal of content from a Web site without needing the expertise of a Webmaster. The CDA element uses and compiles that information to update the Web site.
Two factors must be considered before an organization decides to invest in a CMS. First, an organization’s size and geographic dispersion must be considered especially if an organization is spread out over several countries. For these organizations, the transition to CMS is more difficult. Secondly, the diversity of the electronic data forms used within an organization must be considered. If an organization uses text documents, graphics, video, audio, and diagrams to convey information, the content will be more difficult to manage.
Some popular CMS
– WordPress: https://wordpress.org
– Joomla: http://www.joomla.org
– Drupal: https://www.drupal.org